• George de Hevesy was born on August 1, 1885 in Budapest, Hungary. After matriculation he studied at Budapest University and Berlin Technical University and his doctorate was awarded by the University of Freiburg in 1908. He worked with Professor Fritz Haber where he learnt much of the fundamental work of Haber on ammonia synthesis. He went to England to experience science with Professor Ernest Rutherford. His studies were briefly interrupted due to the war when he was drafted into the Austrian-Hungarian Army. After the war he has lectured at University of Budapest and in 1919 went to Niels Bohr's Institute, returned to Freiburg as Professor of Physical Chemistry. In 1930 he was appointed Baker Lecturer at Cornell University. In 1949, he was elected Franqui Professor in the University of Ghent. In his retirement, he remains an active scientific associate of the University of Stockholm.
  • In 1923 in Copenhagen, de Hevesy's research together with Coster, resulted in the discovery of the element hafnium. He was a pioneer in the use of isotopic indicators in inorganic and life sciences. In Freiburg, he was involved in the first clinical use of isotopes. He received Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1943 when he was in Stockholm. He has obtained the Nobel Prize for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes". He has also  demonstrated the formation of new artificially radioactive isotopes and introduced a method of neutron bombardment of the element. He  carried out significant  investigations in the field of plant and animal physiology, using labelled atoms. He studied the effect of X-rays on the formation of nucleic acid in tumours and in normal organs, iron transport in healthy and cancerous organisms using labelled radioactive atoms.
  • In 1943, George de Hevesy  moved to Stockholm University and stayed there till 1961 and during that time he collaborated on several scientific activities with von Euler-Chelpin, who was also a Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. Professor de Hevesy was awarded the Cannizaro Prize (Academy of Sciences, Rome), Copley Medal (Royal Society, London), Faraday Medal, Baily Medal, Silvanus Thompson Medal, Ford Foundation's Atoms for Peace Award Medal, the Niels Bohr Medal and the Rosenberger Medal of the University of Chicago. Several institutes honored him with honorary degrees.  He is a Fellow of the Royal Society (London), the Swedish Academy of Sciences, Gothenburg Academy, and eleven other scientific academies.  
  • De Hevesy died in 1966 at the age of eighty and was buried in Freiburg.

Contributed by Dr Ramars Amanchy, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemistry, Hyderabad