Madam Curie received the Chemistry Nobel Prize in 1911 for the discovery of the radioactive elements radium and polonium.

Marie Sklodowska was born in Poland and her parents were teachers, who believed strongly in the power of education. She moved to Paris to continue her studies at the University of Paris, where she met Pierre Curie, who became both her husband and colleague in the field of radioactivity. The couple later shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. The 1896 discovery of radioactivity by Henri Becquerel inspired Marie and Pierre to investigate this phenomenon further and they extracted two previously unknown elements, polonium, and radium, both more radioactive than uranium, which fetched them 1903 Physics Nobel Prize.

Even after the death of Pierre, she continued working and became the first person to win two Nobel prizes. During World War I, Curie organized mobile X-ray teams. The Curies' daughter, Irene, was also jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry alongside her husband, Frederic Joliot.

After Marie and Pierre Curie first discovered the radioactive elements polonium and radium, radioactive compounds became important as sources of radiation in science experiments and medicine, for X-rays and also for the treatment of tumors and for this discovery Madam Curie received the 1911 Chemistry Nobel Prize.

Marie was University’s first female professor. Marie and her sister Bronislawa became involved with an organization called the Flying University, where they started teaching a pro-polish curriculum to female students, opposing Russian authorities.

Marie was a great personality, a fantastic teacher, scientist and also a woman who fought discrimination, working tremendously hard with great ambition and her research work has changed the way we live today. Her years of working with radioactive materials took a toll on her health. In 1934, Marie Curie died on July 4, of aplastic anemia, caused by prolonged exposure to radiation.